Born in Dendermonde, Peter de Caluwe studied literature and the history of the theatre at the Universities of Ghent, Brussels, and Antwerp. In 1986, Gerard Mortier invited him to join him at la Monnaie/de Munt, where he worked as a dramatic adviser and was also in charge of contacts with the press, public relations, and projects for young people. In 1989, Pierre Audi and Truze Lodder asked him to join their team in Amsterdam. In 1994, he was appointed director of casting, and later artistic director. Since 2007, he has been Intendant (general manager) of la Monnaie/de Munt ; he is currently in his second term, which will last until 2019. In October 2011, under his management, la Monnaie/de Munt was named Opera House of the Year by the German specialist magazine Opernwelt
. In November 2011, Radio Klara and Muziekcentrum Vlaanderen named him Musical Personality of the Year. He was the first person to be awarded an honorary master’s by the Saint-Luc Brussels University College of Art and Design. From 2011 to 2013, he was President of Opera Europa, the organisation of Europe’s professional opera companies and opera festivals. In 2013, the Vlaamse Vereniging voor Bestuur en Beleid chose him as Manager of the Year. In October 2013, he was decorated as a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.